Local Perceptions of Droughts and Conflicts in Laikipia West Sub-County, Kenya
Mwangi, Joyce W.
Kamau, Peter N.
Ouna, Tom O.
MetadataShow full item record
Laikipia West Sub County in Kenya experiences frequent droughts and conflicts. This study sought to analyse local communities’ perceptions of the relationship between drought and conflicts in Laikipia West Sub County, Kenya. The study examined trends in droughts and conflicts in Laikipia West Sub County between 2007 and 2018 and analysed local views on the relationships between droughts and conflicts. Primary data was collected using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews with key informants involving 174 participants. The study also relied on secondary data from the County Government of Laikipia and other government agencies. This study has found that severe droughts in the study area occur in the months of January to March and this also the period when most conflicts happen. An analysis of narratives from participants in the study showed that local perceptions of droughts and conflicts are mostly influenced by ethnicity and livelihood conditions. Residents of Laikipia West Sub County identified at least ten drought adaptations strategies which can be implemented in their localities. This study has revealed opportunities for collaboration between local communities and governments to address droughts and conflicts in Laikipia West Sub County. The findings of this study will be useful in formulating long term strategies to mitigate droughts and conflicts in the study area.